The Laws Your Government Broke: 75 Years Nuremberg Code

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An early version of the Code known as the Memorandum, which stated explicit voluntary consent from patients are required for human experimentation, was drafted on 9 August 1947.

On 20 August 1947, the judges delivered their verdict against Karl Brandt and 22 others. The verdict reiterated the Memorandum’s points and, in response to expert medical advisers for the prosecution, revised the original six points of the Memorandum to ten points.

The ten points became known as the Code, which includes such principles as informed consent and absence of coercion; properly formulated scientific experimentation; and beneficence towards experiment participants.

It is thought to have been mainly based on the Hippocratic Oath, which was interpreted as endorsing the experimental approach to medicine while protecting the patient. Now celebrating 75 years it is time to commemorate the points of the Nuremberg code as a central guideline based on ethical principles to prepare and conduct medical, psychological and other human experiments.

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